Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva commonly referred to as Lula, has been re-elected as the president of Brazil. It was a closely run contest between him and the previous president Jair Bolsonaro, with Lula winning 50.9% of the vote in the run-off race.

His election marks a return to power for the left in the country after four years of the far-right Bolsonaro in charge. It is also something of a personal victory for Lula.

This will be his third term as president of Brazil. He previously served two consecutive terms from 2003 to 2010. After his presidency ended he faced corruption allegations and spent 580 days in prison. This conviction was later overturned by the Supreme Court, which meant he was eligible to stand for election again.

His presidency is not going to be without challenges. The result shows how divided between left and right the country is. It is also struggling to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic, and more people than ever are living below the poverty line.